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The climate of Algeria
Algeria is one of the largest countries in the African continent. There are reasonably large differences in climate. It is quite hard to pinpoint where one climate zone ends and the other one starts. Some parts of the country even have several climate zones. The altitude and the location you are in as well as your location in relation to the mountains and plains determine the climate. The northern part of the country has a Mediterranean climate. The mountains have a mountain climate and/or a desert climate. The north eastern part has a subtropical climate. The south western part has a desert climate and several regions throughout Algeria have a steppe climate. The lowest parts of Algeria are almost 40 meters below sea level (in the north east). The highest point can be found in the Ahagger-Massif in the south east at 3 kilometers. The Atlas mountain range can be found in the northern part of Algeria. This mountain range is responsible for stopping large quantities of rain that come from the Mediterranean Sea.

 

 

     

Heat
In the lower regions during the summer temperatures of 40-50 degrees Celsius are not uncommon. Sometimes even temperatures above 50 degrees Celsius can be recorded. In the higher regions and in the coastal areas the climate is much more bearable. However, high temperatures during the period from May till October are not uncommon.

Chili
Just like the neighboring country of Libia Algeria often has to deal with sirocco winds which are called Chili in Algeria (Ghibli in Libia). This fierce south to south westerly desert wind brings large quantities of red Sahara sand. If the Chili blows you can hardly go out. You can barely see and even breathing is unpleasant; especially when temperatures rise to 40-50 degrees Celsius in a short amount of time. After 2-4 days these winds usually die down.

Rain
Precipitation figures vary throughout the country. In the interior the amount of precipitation is usually limited to tens of millimeters of rain per year, some regions hardly get any rain. Along the coastline this is a different story. The eastern part of the coast between the capital of Algiers and the port of Skikda get more than 1000 millimeters of rain per year; most of the rain falls during the winter.

Snow
You will have to see it to believe it, but snow does fall in Algeria. In the higher regions snow falls on a regular basis during the winter and subzero temperatures are not uncommon either. In some places you can actually go on winter sports. Few people know this is a possibility in Algeria. In some cases the area north of the Lesser Atlas gets snow as a result of which snow can be found along the coast. However, this is a very rare and very special sight.

 

Climate figures
The figures below are based on long term weather and climate records and are an average for the capital of Algiers
(Please, note that the climate in other areas depend on location, altitude and prevailing influences)

average
 maximum
temperature (įC)

average
minimum

temperature (įC)
average
hours of sunshine

per
day
average days with precipitation
per month
average
mm
precipitation
per month
average
sea
temperature (įC)
January 16 6 6 10 15
February 17 6 7 9 15
March 19 7 7 9 15
April 21 10 8 8 16
May 23 13 10 6 18
June 28 17 11 3 21
July 32 20 11 1 24
August 33 21 10 2 25
September 30 18 9 4 24
October 25 15 7 7 22
November 21 10 6 8 19
December 17 7 6 11 17
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm
= 0-0.2 inches ● = 0.2-1.2 inches ● = 1.2-2.4 inches ● = 2.5-4 inches ● = 4.1-8 inches ● = over 8 inches

More climate information
Climate figures are very useful but donít present a general impression of the climate and the eventual weather circumstances within a certain period. The figures donít always reflect the chance of wintry weather, extreme heat or hurricanes. That is why we monthly offer useful extra climate information. The information below goes for most parts in Algiers.
 

chance of
(very) hot

weather

chance of
(very) cool
weather
chance of
long-term

precipitation
chance of
hurricanes
(cyclones)
chance of
sunny days

UV-index

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
click here for the explanation of the symbols

 

Disclaimer
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. ďMore climate infoĒ is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, itís up to the reader to use it to itís benefit.

 

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