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The climate of Cuba
Cuba has a tropical savannah climate, type Aw according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. The most south eastern tip of Cuba has a warm steppe climate, type Bsh. This is because of low precipitation figures here. During the day temperatures are between 25-34 degrees Celsius on average. This makes Cuba a nice country for those who like warm weather. The tropical weather is tempered by an ever present north easterly wind. In the period from November till May it may even get a little cold during the evening. This is uncommon for an area with a tropical climate. Cuba’s climate was the main reason why it used to be so popular as a holiday destination among Americans. There was this big island situated at a reasonably short flying distance where rules where much more relaxed than America which was much more socially conservative, plus it has pleasant weather all year round. Even during the rainy season Cuba gets 6-9 hours of sunshine per day. Rainfall mostly falls in the form of short-lived showers. A strong current at high altitude makes clouds disappear as quickly as they came. Sometimes a dark-gray sky gives way to a bright blue sky in under 30 minutes.

 

Climate information of places and areas in Cuba
The climate information given on this page is only brief. Specific information on weather and climate can be found on the pages per region or city. The following climate information is available for Cuba:

Camagüey
Cayo Coco
Cayo Guillermo
Cayo Santa Maria
Cienfuegos
Guantánamo
Guardalavaca
Havana
Holguin
Pinar del Rio
Santa Clara
Santiago de Cuba
Trinidad
Varadero
Viñales Valley

Summer in Cuba
The summer months in Cuba are warm and humid. In the interior and along the south coast you can actually feel humidity figures rising. During the period from June till September the climate may get clammy and sultry. This phenomenon occurs much less along the north coast because a sea wind is responsible for a tempering influence on humidity figures. Cuba has a rainy season during the summer. Don’t expect rain and clouds for days on end. Rainfall is usually limited to showers in the late afternoon and during the evening. From the beginning of June till halfway through November hurricanes and tropical depressions are not uncommon.

Hurricanes
Because Cuba is a large and long, narrow island the chances of being hit by a hurricane are high. However, it is certainly not the case that Cuba gets hit by a dozen hurricanes per year, but hurricanes do frequently occur. Of all the hurricanes that pass through the Caribbean in a season Cuba gets hit by one or two. Hurricanes come from the south eastern direction so the southern and the south eastern part of Cuba are the parts that get hit most often. The northern part of Cuba doesn’t get many hurricanes. Hurricanes follow a path just north of Cuba and move away in a western direction. Hurricanes that reach the eastern part of Cuba usually come via the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Force 3 hurricanes on the Simpson-Saffir scale are uncommon. The highest chance of a destructive hurricane is when a hurricane comes from the south. Especially the western part of the south coast is exposed to its destructive force. Because the hurricane hasn’t hit any land for hundreds of kilometers before it reaches Cuba it can increase over the Caribbean Sea to a force 4 or even 5. When the hurricane follows a path toward Havana it will be tempered by the land. There will almost always be damage in the Cuban capital and sometimes casualties as well.

Winter
Winters in Cuba are very mild to warm. Along the north coast temperatures will be 25-26 degrees Celsius on average. Along the south coast and in the south eastern part temperatures are around 30 degrees Celsius on average. With little precipitation and many hours of sunshine Cuba is a pleasant country to be in. Along the north coast the wind may feel a little cold, especially in places like Varadero and Cayo Coco.

UV-index
The UV-index in Cuba is high. A large part of the year the highest figure is reached (UV-index 11). Going into the sunshine unprotected is not sensible; unless it is for a very short period of time (10-15 minutes). All year round the use of sunscreen with a high protective factor (with a minimum of 30) can be recommended, even for those who don’t get sunburn that quickly. Our experience is that even a walk in the morning in the month of May under a completely overcast sky can cause sunburn when you leave your skin unprotected. During the winter months the UV-index will be between 6 and 10. This is comparable to summer conditions in Southern Europe.

Extremes
Apart from the aforementioned hurricanes Cuba has few extremes where weather and climate are concerned. Wintry weather such as snow, glaze ice or subzero temperatures don’t occur here. Extremely hot weather with temperatures of 40 degrees Celsius or higher don’t occur here either. The sea and wind always have a tempering influence on the climate.

 

Climate figures
The figures below are based on long term weather and climate records and are an average for Cuba. Please, note that local deviations may occur, especially in the field of possible precipitation quantities. Specific information on weather and climate can be found on the pages per region or city.

average
 maximum
temperature (°C)

average
minimum

temperature (°C)
average
hours of sunshine

per
day
average days with precipitation
per month
average
mm
precipitation
per month
average
sea
temperature (°C)
January 27 18 7 6 25
February 28 18 7 5 25
March 29 19 8 6 25
April 30 20 8 5 26
May 31 22 7 9 27
June 31 23 7 13 28
July 32 23 8 14 29
August 33 23 7 13 30
September 32 23 7 15 29
October 31 22 7 12 29
November 29 20 7 8 28
December 27 19 7 6 26
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm

More climate information
Climate figures are very useful but don’t present a general impression of the climate and the eventual weather circumstances within a certain period. The figures don’t always reflect the chance of wintry weather, extreme heat or hurricanes. That is why we monthly offer useful extra climate information.  The information below is an average for Cuba. Please visit the pages on individual climate information for other places in Cuba.
 

chance of
(very) hot

weather

chance of
(very) cool
weather
chance of
long-term

precipitation
chance of
hurricanes
(cyclones)
chance of
sunny days

UV-index

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
click here for the explanation of the symbols

 

Disclaimer
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.

 

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