The climate of Iraq
Iraq is a country located in the southwestern part of Asia and is part
of the political region the Middle East. Nowadays Iraq is mainly known
because of the Gulf War and the fight against terrorist organization
Al Qaida. Prior to the Gulf War there were several other wars in Iraq.
During ancient times Mesopotamia, which is nowadays known as Iraq, has
had several different rulers. Iraq became the country as we know it
today in 1932 after the Ottoman Empire collapsed. Iraq has a small
coastal line in the southeastern part of the country on the Persian
Gulf. The landscape of Iraq mainly consists of low desert areas. Two
important rivers flow through these deserts: the Euphrates and the
Tigris. In the most northern tip of Iraq, also known as the Kurdistan
region mainly mountainous areas can be found.
Climate information of places and areas in Iraq
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific
information about weather and climate can be found on the climate
pages per area or town. As for Iraq the following climate
information is available:
The climate of Iraq is characterized by several types of dry and semi
dry climates. When you travel from south to north the climate types
change from a warm desert climate (type BWh according to the Köppen
climate classification) into a warm steppe climate (type BSh) into a
cold steppe climate (type BSk) into a moderate continental climate
(type Dsb) in the mountainous areas in the north. The largest part of
Iraq consists of deserts with mild to fairly cool winters and hot and
dry summers. During the summer there are hardly any clouds. During the
summer the total amount of hours of sunshine per day is correspondent
with the hours of daylight.
Iraq doesn’t get much precipitation. Most precipitation can be
expected during the winter. During the winter most regions get several
tens of millimeters of rain during the wettest months. The only
exception to this are the mountains in the north that get fairly high
amounts of precipitation from November till April. Some places may get
more than 100 millimeters of precipitation per month. In the higher
regions precipitation mainly falls in the form of snow during the
winter. Locally large amounts of snow may fall. During spring the
northern part of Iraq may experience floods caused by large amounts of
melting water in combination with rain.
During the winter temperatures depend on the geographical situation
and the altitude. Along the River Euphrates and Tigris winters are
fairly mild with maximum temperatures between 12-20 degrees Celsius
from December till February. However, subzero temperatures are not
uncommon during the night, especially on ground levels. An exception
to these mild winters are the mountainous regions in the northern part
of the country where winters may be very bleak and snowstorms may
cause harsh conditions. During the short spring (March, April)
temperatures rapidly rise in the entire country. During the hottest
months June, July, August and September average daytime temperatures
of 38-44 degrees Celsius can be recorded. However, peaks in
temperatures are not uncommon. During one of the thirty annual
sandstorms that hit Iraq temperatures are hardly bearable. Sandstorms
mainly occur during the hot summer. Especially during the afternoon
chances of a traffic disordering sandstorm is highest.
Throughout Iraq several climate figures and temperatures can
be recorded. The figures below are for the capital Baghdad and
cannot be seen as an average for the country. Please, visit the
individual climate pages for climate records on other places in
More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of
the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time.
How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can
often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate
information per month. The figures below can are for the capital
Baghdad. Please, visit the individual climate pages for climate records
on other places in Iraq.
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.