The climate of Madagascar
Madagascar is an island located southwest of the African continent.
Madagascar has a great variety of climate types and consequently many
different landscapes can be found here, such as rainforests, mountains
and steppes. The striking thing about Madagascar are the large
differences in precipitation figures within the country. This is
because most depressions come from the east or northeast. A mountain
range centrally situated on the island causes most rain to fall in the
east, northeast and the most northern tip. In these areas the climate
types can be classified as tropical; precipitation figures in these
areas determine whether the climate type should be classified as a
tropical rainforest climate, a tropical monsoon climate or a tropical
savannah climate. The central part of Madagascar has a wet subtropical
climate, types Cwa and Cwb according to the Köppen climate
classification. The western part of Madagascar has a warm steppe
climate (type BSh) and a small area surrounding the mouth of the
Mangoky River has a warm desert climate.
Climate information of places and areas in Madagascar
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific
information about weather and climate can be found on the climate
pages per area or town. As for Madagascar the following climate
information is available:
Madagascar is situated in the southern hemisphere, meaning seasons are
reversed to those on the northern hemisphere. Madagascar has no
spring, summer, autumn and winter. There are only two distinct
seasons: a wet season (rainy season, monsoon) and a dry season. In
some places in the eastern and northern parts of Madagascar
differences between these two seasons are very small. However,
precipitation figures are lower during winter than during summer in
these regions. With an average precipitation figures of more than 100
millimeters per month this period cannot really be classified as dry.
There are also few differences in temperatures on the island. In most
places maximum temperatures are around tropical figures of 30 degrees
Celsius all year round. In the interior at a higher altitude
temperatures are slightly lower.
Madagascar is one of the countries in the world where the risk of
hurricanes and tropical storms is fairly high. Hurricane season in
Madagascar is from December till the second part of May. Especially in
February and March the risk of hurricanes and tropical depressions is
high. The east coast has the highest risk of being hit by a hurricane.
The most southern tip of Madagascar has the smallest risk of getting
hit by a hurricane.
Throughout Madagascar several climate figures and temperatures can
be recorded. The figures below are for the capital Antananarivo and
cannot be seen as an average for the country. Please, visit the
individual climate pages for climate records on other places in
More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of
the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time.
How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can
often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate
information per month. The figures below can are for the capital
Antananarivo. Please, visit the individual climate pages for climate
records on other places in Madagascar.
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.