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The climate of Madagascar
Madagascar is an island located southwest of the African continent. Madagascar has a great variety of climate types and consequently many different landscapes can be found here, such as rainforests, mountains and steppes. The striking thing about Madagascar are the large differences in precipitation figures within the country. This is because most depressions come from the east or northeast. A mountain range centrally situated on the island causes most rain to fall in the east, northeast and the most northern tip. In these areas the climate types can be classified as tropical; precipitation figures in these areas determine whether the climate type should be classified as a tropical rainforest climate, a tropical monsoon climate or a tropical savannah climate. The central part of Madagascar has a wet subtropical climate, types Cwa and Cwb according to the Köppen climate classification. The western part of Madagascar has a warm steppe climate (type BSh) and a small area surrounding the mouth of the Mangoky River has a warm desert climate.

 

Climate information of places and areas in Madagascar
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific information about weather and climate can be found on the climate pages per area or town. As for Madagascar the following climate information is available:

Antalaha
Antananarivo
Antsiranana
Fianarantsoa
Mahajanga
Mananara Avaratra
Maroantsetra
Morondava
Nosy Be
Sainte Marie Island
Sambava
Toamasina
Tôlanaro
Toliara

Seasons
Madagascar is situated in the southern hemisphere, meaning seasons are reversed to those on the northern hemisphere. Madagascar has no spring, summer, autumn and winter. There are only two distinct seasons: a wet season (rainy season, monsoon) and a dry season. In some places in the eastern and northern parts of Madagascar differences between these two seasons are very small. However, precipitation figures are lower during winter than during summer in these regions. With an average precipitation figures of more than 100 millimeters per month this period cannot really be classified as dry. There are also few differences in temperatures on the island. In most places maximum temperatures are around tropical figures of 30 degrees Celsius all year round. In the interior at a higher altitude temperatures are slightly lower.

Hurricanes
Madagascar is one of the countries in the world where the risk of hurricanes and tropical storms is fairly high. Hurricane season in Madagascar is from December till the second part of May. Especially in February and March the risk of hurricanes and tropical depressions is high. The east coast has the highest risk of being hit by a hurricane. The most southern tip of Madagascar has the smallest risk of getting hit by a hurricane.

 

Climate figures
Throughout Madagascar several climate figures and temperatures can be recorded. The figures below are for the capital Antananarivo and cannot be seen as an average for the country. Please, visit the individual climate pages for climate records on other places in Madagascar.

average
 maximum
temperature (°C)

average
minimum

temperature (°C)
average
hours of sunshine

per
day
average days with precipitation
per month
average
mm
precipitation
per month
average
sea
temperature (°C)
January 26 16 7 24 n/a
February 26 17 6 23 n/a
March 25 16 6 21 n/a
April 25 15 7 10 n/a
May 23 12 7 6 n/a
June 21 10 7 6 n/a
July 20 10 7 7 n/a
August 20 10 7 8 n/a
September 23 11 8 6 n/a
October 25 13 8 11 n/a
November 26 15 8 18 n/a
December 26 16 6 25 n/a
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm

More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time. How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate information per month. The figures below can are for the capital Antananarivo. Please, visit the individual climate pages for climate records on other places in Madagascar.
 

chance of
(very) hot

weather

chance of
(very) cool
weather
chance of
long-term

precipitation
chance of
hurricanes
(cyclones)
chance of
sunny days

UV-index

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
click here for the explanation of the symbols

 

Disclaimer
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.

 

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