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The climate of Nicaragua
Nicaragua is a country situated in the middle of Central America, bordering on Honduras in the north and Costa Rica in the south. Altogether Nicaragua has well over nine-hundred kilometers of coast line, of which about two-third lies along the Caribbean. The climate of Nicaragua consists of a variation of the three tropical climates. The north-west and the east have a tropical rainforest climate, the central part and the south-west are subject to tropical monsoon climates and tropical savannah climates.

 

Climate information of places and areas in Nicaragua
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific information about weather and climate can be found on the climate pages per area or town. As for Nicaragua the following climate information is available:

Bluefields
Léon
Managua
Puerto Cabezas
San Carlos
San Guan del Norte
   

Mountainous areas
The mountainous area running through Central Nicaragua can be divided into three zones. The ‘lowland’ up to an altitude of 750 meters belongs to the warmest regions of Nicaragua. Whereas in the coastal areas of Nicaragua the day-temperatures rise until just above thirty degrees in the warmest months, it can easily get some degrees warmer in the lower situated areas inland. Particularly in the hottest months of March and April the temperature can easily rise to not less than 35 or 36 degrees centigrade. In the central highland, with altitudes of 750 to 1600 meters, the maximum temperatures are comparable to those of the coastal areas.
The most elevated places in Nicaragua, called the “coldland”, measure an average maximum temperature of approximately 22 to 24 degrees, whereas the temperature at night may drop to an average of ten to fifteen degrees. Nowadays it never gets so cold that it snows, however there are reports about snowfall on the mountaintops way back in the past. Due to climate changes it does not get cold enough anymore nowadays to let it snow in Nicaragua. Therefore who wants to go on winter-sports will have to forget about Nicaragua for ski-destination.

Rainfall
Nicaragua belongs to the wettest countries of Central America. The amounts of rain on a yearly basis vary from a little under a thousand millimeters in the driest places on the lee-side of the mountains until well over six-thousand millimeters on the weather-side of the mountains. The central part of Nicaragua has a real rainy season, in which most precipitation by far falls in the summer period and the period of November up to and including April is considerably drier. In the north-west and in the east the differences within a year are much smaller and generally speaking there is no question anymore of a real rainy season or a clearly distinguishable dry period.

Hurricanes
Nicaragua lies in an area sensitive to hurricanes. The eastern half of the country lies within the reach of tropical storms, tropical depressions and hurricanes. During the hurricane season, that lasts from June to December there is chance of heavy rainfall, storm and tidal waves as a result of hurricane activity. However there is not that much chance of a depression, developed into a hurricane, making for Nicaragua at full speed, there is a considerable chance of heavy rainfall, through which the large amounts falling within twenty-four hours may lead to floods, mud streams and landslides. Particularly in places where the tropical rainforest has had to give way to cattle-breeding or because the wood has been cut for the export the soil is more susceptible of water-related problems.

 

Climate figures
Scattered over Nicaragua you find different climate data and temperatures. The data in the table below go for the capital of Managua and cannot be considered an average for the country. Visit the individual climate information pages for the climate data of other places in Nicaragua.

average
 maximum
temperature (°C)

average
minimum

temperature (°C)
average
hours of sunshine

per
day
average days with precipitation
per month
average
mm
precipitation
per month
average
sea
temperature (°C)
January 32 21 8 3 n/a
February 32 21 9 2 n/a
March 34 22 9 2 n/a
April 35 23 9 3 n/a
May 33 24 8 12 n/a
June 31 23 6 18 n/a
July 30 23 7 22 n/a
August 31 23 7 23 n/a
September 30 22 7 16 n/a
October 30 22 6 18 n/a
November 31 21 7 19 n/a
December 30 22 7 13 n/a
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm

More climate information
Climate figures come in handy, but do not offer a complete impression of the climate and the possible weather circumstances within a certain period. How big the chance is of wintry weather, (extreme) heat or hurricanes cannot often be found in figures. Therefore we monthly offer useful extra climate information. The information below goes for the capital of Managua. For information about particular areas and places in Nicaragua please visit the specific climate pages of those places and/or areas.
 

chance of
(very) hot

weather

chance of
(very) cool
weather
chance of
long-term

precipitation
chance of
hurricanes
(cyclones)
chance of
sunny days

UV-index

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
click here for the explanation of the symbols

 

Disclaimer
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.

 

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