The climate of Senegal
The Republic of Senegal, or Senegal for short is a country located in
the western part of the African continent. In the north the Senegal
River forms the natural border with Mauretania. Internally it almost
completely surrounds Gambia. Senegal forms the most western part of
the Sahel. The fairly flat landscape of Senegal has an unnamed highest
point at an altitude of 581 meters above sea level which can be found
in the southeastern part of the country. Senegal is located where the
desert changes into a savannah. The northern part of Senegal has a
warm desert climate (type BWh according to the Köppen climate
classification). The central part of the country has a warm steppe
climate (type BSh) and the southern part has a tropical savannah
climate. Because of climate changes the total square area that
consists of desert and grass steppe has increased in relation to the
Climate information of places and areas in Senegal
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific
information about the weather and climate can be found on the pages
per region or city. The following information is available for
Senegal has a rainy season which is from June till October in the
south. Further to the north there is no real rainy season but a wetter
season in which precipitation does fall, during the rest of the year
hardly any precipitation falls here. In Saint Louis the wet season is
from July till the first half of October. Total annual precipitation
figures vary from about 200 millimeters in the north to locally more
than 1,500 millimeters in the south.
The warm climate of Senegal causes high to very high temperatures all
year round. Along the coast the sea water somewhat tempers
temperatures which are between 25-35 degrees Celsius (77-95
degrees Fahrenheit) during the day. In the northern part of the
country during the coolest period daytime temperatures of 30 degrees
Celsius (86.0 degrees Fahrenheit) can still be recorded. In the
interior temperatures even rise up to 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees
Fahrenheit) or even higher. The highest temperatures can be recorded
in the Tambacounda region. Along the border with Mali it may even get
hotter than 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit).
Throughout Senegal several climate figures and temperatures can be
recorded. The figures below are for the capital Dakar and cannot be
seen as an average for the country. For climate figures for other
places and regions in Senegal please, visit the individual climate
More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of
the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time.
How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can
often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate
information per month. The figures below are for the capital Dakar.
For climate figures on specific regions and places please, visit the
relevant individual climate pages.
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.