The climate of Tanzania
Tanzania is a country located in the eastern part of Africa on the
Indian Ocean. Tanzania is an important tourist destination in Africa.
One of the main attractions is the Serengeti; which is a vast area
known for the annual migration of huge numbers of herbivores. Because
of the drought they migrate to the southern plains in October; around
April they return to the hills in the north again. The Serengeti is a
Unesco preservation site. The largest part of Tanzania has a tropical
savannah climate with high temperatures all year round and a distinct
dry period. The eastern part of Tanzania even has two dry periods and
two rainy periods. The central part of Tanzania is drier and has a mix
of a warm steppe climate which changes into a warm desert climate
centrally on the African High plains. A part of the Serengeti has a
warm China climate.
Climate information of places and areas in Tanzania
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific
information about weather and climate can be found on the climate
pages per area or town. As for Tanzania the following climate
information is available:
The western and central parts of Tanzania have a rainy season which
starts between the end of October and the beginning of December and is
till the second part of April. During this period most of the annual
precipitation falls. May till October is extremely dry. The eastern
part of Tanzania has a short rainy period in November and December
after which it gets temporarily drier. From March precipitation
figures start to increase rapidly. This longer rainy period is till
the second part of May.
Because Tanzania is located very close to the equator it is warm here
all year round. Temperatures are between 23 and 32 degrees Celsius
(73.4-89.6 degrees Fahrenheit) on average. Locally it may be slightly
warmer or colder. A striking detail is that the winter is not
necessarily the coolest period in Tanzania. For example, in the
western part in the surroundings of Lake Tanganyika temperatures are
highest during local spring (September-October). As soon as the rainy
season starts temperatures slightly drop.
Tanzania is located in an area where hurricanes and tropical storms
are uncommon. Most heavy depressions that come from the Indian Ocean
cannot reach Tanzania. If this does happen these storms will have
abated and hardly ever have the strength of a tropical storm anymore.
Chances of hurricanes are very small. However, the southeastern part
of Tanzania may get hit by a hurricane. Hurricane season is from
November till May.
Throughout Tanzania several climate figures and temperatures can
be recorded. The figures below are for the capital Dodoma and cannot
be seen as an average for the country. For climate figures for other
places and regions in Tanzania please, visit the individual climate
More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of
the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time.
How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can
often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate
information per month. The figures below are for the capital Dodoma.
For climate figures on specific regions and places please, visit the
individual climate pages of Tanzania.
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.