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The climate of Belize
Belize is located south east of Mexico in Central America. Because of its location on the Gulf of Honduras Belize is situated on an important supply route for hurricanes. This destroying natural phenomenon unfortunately has left its mark on the history of Belize. According to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification Belize only has tropical climate zones. Varying from a tropical rainforest climate (type Af), a tropical monsoon climate (type Am) to a tropical savannah climate (type Aw). The exact climate type is determined by the distance to the coast, the degree of latitude, the altitude and whether there are mountains in the vicinity. The highest places in Belize can be found in the Maya mountain range. The highest peaks here are at an altitude of 1,122 meters, which is rather low by Central American standards.

 

Climate information of places and areas in Belize
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific information about weather and climate can be found on the climate pages per area or town. As for Belize the following climate information is available:

Ambergris Caye
Belize City
Belmopan
Caracol
Caye Caulker
   

Tropical temperatures
Temperatures in Belize are around tropical values all year round. During the day temperatures are around 30 degrees Celsius. Minimum temperatures are 20-24 degrees Celsius. During the winter, which is the dry period in Belize temperatures are a little lower at 27-28 degrees Celsius. During the summer temperatures are about 31 degrees Celsius on average. In the interior temperatures may be a little higher (35-36 degrees Celsius) in the warmest places in Belize. The highest places in the Maya mountain range are a little colder than in the rest of Belize. The differences depend on the altitude and are usually a few degrees.

Rainfall
The total amount of annual rain varies a lot. The driest parts of Belize are the north and the north west; they get 1,350-1,600 millimeters of rain per year. The southern tip of Belize gets about 4,500 millimeters of rain per year. This is also the area where the amount of rain per month varies least; the southern part of Belize has a tropical rainforest climate. The rest of the country has a distinct wet and dry period. The rainy season is from the second part of May till December. The rainy season here lasts longer than in other parts of Central America. In the most southern part of Belize the rainy season even lasts till February. However, during the months of July and August the intensity of the precipitation decreases; there is a short dry period then. However, the area still gets about 200 millimeters of rain.

Hurricanes
Belize gets hit by tropical storms and depressions on a regular basis. During the Atlantic hurricane season from June till December chances of heavy rain and storms are high, especially in the north eastern part and the coastal areas. Every now and then a low pressure area becomes a hurricane that reaches Belize. The risk of hurricanes is the reason why Belmopan is the capital of Belize nowadays. In 1961 the disastrous hurricane Hattie hit the capital of Belize which was Belize City then. The situation on the coast and because it is below sea level simply makes Belize City too vulnerable to be the capital of Belize. However, it still is the largest city. In 1970 Belmopan became the capital of Belize. Nowadays it is among the smallest capitals in the world.

 

Climate figures
The figures below are based on long term weather and climate records. They are an average for the capital Belmopan and cannot be seen as an average for Belize. Please visit the individual pages for climate information on other places and regions in Belize.

average
 maximum
temperature (°C)

average
minimum

temperature (°C)
average
hours of sunshine

per
day
average days with precipitation
per month
average
mm
precipitation
per month
average
sea
temperature (°C)
January 27 19 6 17 n/a
February 28 19 7 12 n/a
March 29 20 8 8 n/a
April 31 21 8 6 n/a
May 32 23 8 9 n/a
June 31 23 7 21 n/a
July 31 23 7 24 n/a
August 31 23 7 21 n/a
September 31 23 6 21 n/a
October 30 22 6 21 n/a
November 28 20 6 19 n/a
December 27 19 6 18 n/a
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm

More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time. How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate information per month. The information below is an average for the capital Belmopan.
Please visit the individual pages for climate information on other places and regions in Belize
 

chance of
(very) hot

weather

chance of
(very) cool
weather
chance of
long-term

precipitation
chance of
hurricanes
(cyclones)
chance of
sunny days

UV-index

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
click here for the explanation of the symbols

 

Disclaimer
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.

 

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