The climate of Azerbaijan
The Republic of Azerbaijan is located on the west coast of the Caspian
Sea; bordering the countries of Georgia, Armenia, Russia and Iran.
Geographically Azerbaijan has three zones. Mountainous areas can be
found in the northern part of Azerbaijan (Greater Caucasus mountain
range; also known as the Ciscaucasus) and in the south western part
(Smaller Caucasus; also known as the Transcaucasus). Along the Caspian
Sea Azerbaijan’s coastal area can be found. In the central part of
Azerbaijan the Kura-Aras plains can be found which are named after the
Aras River and the Kura River. These plains lie partially below sea
level; consequently, Azerbaijan has the lowest areas of all of the
Transcaucasian Republics by far. The landscape partially consists of
mountainous zones, sometimes hilly and green and sometimes very rugged
and rocky. The central part of Azerbaijan consists of plains with
hardly any differences in altitude. Azerbaijan has as many as nine
types of climate zones. However, when you look at temperatures,
precipitation figures and moments of precipitation they do not differ
that much. The largest differences are in the extremes that occur
here. In the mountains temperatures may drop to -30 degrees Celsius.
The lowest temperature on record is -42 degrees Celsius. In the
exclave of Nakhchivan the highest temperature on record is 44 degrees
Celsius. This was in the city of Julfa. The further you travel east
towards the Caspian Sea the more stable the climate gets. Extremes in
temperature and precipitation are uncommon here.
Climate information of places and areas in Azerbaijan
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific
information about weather and climate can be found on the climate
pages per area or town. As for Azerbaijan the following climate
information is available:
Azerbaijan has the mildest winters in the entire region. However, when
a current comes from Scandinavia via Russia bringing cold air to the
Caspian Sea temperatures may drop considerably in Azerbaijan. During
the winter (December till March) temperatures are 6-10 degrees on
average along the coast and a little below freezing point in the
mountains. During the night subzero temperatures in the mountains are
not uncommon. Along the coast temperatures are around freezing point
because of the influence of the warm Caspian Seawater.
During the winter relatively little precipitation falls in Azerbaijan.
Amounts vary from 15-30 millimeters per month. In the interior a
reasonable amount of this precipitation falls in the form of snow.
During the coldest months (January and February) precipitation falls
in the form of rain along the coast. When spring starts precipitation
figures rise in the interior. The wettest months are April, May and
June with 40->100 millimeters of rain per month. Along the coast
precipitation figures are about the same as during the winter; 15-25
millimeters of rain per month. From June there is hardly any rain
along the coast and on the Kura-Aras plains. The areas in the north
western part of Azerbaijan and the Greater Caucasus have another wet
month before precipitation figures start to drop in July. These areas
still get much more rain than on the plains and along the coast.
Dry and warm summers
Summers in Azerbaijan are dry, warm and sunny. When you look at the
climate the places along the Caspian coast are ideal sun destinations.
However, Azerbaijan only plays a minor role as a summer destination in
modern tourism. As for the weather: Azerbaijan can compete with
countries such as Greece and Spain. During the summer temperatures are
between 28-32 degrees Celsius on average. During the hottest periods
you may even add a few degrees. These pleasant temperatures in
combination with night time temperatures of 20 degrees Celsius along
the coast, little precipitation and many hours of sunshine (about 300
per month during the summer) make Azerbaijan’s climate one of the most
pleasant in the entire region.
Throughout Azerbaijan several climate zones and temperatures can
be found. The data in the table below are an average for the capital
of Baku and cannot be seen as an average for the entire country.
Please visit the individual pages for climate information on other
places and regions in Azerbaijan.
More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of
the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time.
How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can
often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate
information per month. The information below is an average for the
capital of Baku. Please visit the individual pages for climate
information on other places and regions in Azerbaijan.
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.