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The climate of Azerbaijan
The Republic of Azerbaijan is located on the west coast of the Caspian Sea; bordering the countries of Georgia, Armenia, Russia and Iran. Geographically Azerbaijan has three zones. Mountainous areas can be found in the northern part of Azerbaijan (Greater Caucasus mountain range; also known as the Ciscaucasus) and in the south western part (Smaller Caucasus; also known as the Transcaucasus). Along the Caspian Sea Azerbaijan’s coastal area can be found. In the central part of Azerbaijan the Kura-Aras plains can be found which are named after the Aras River and the Kura River. These plains lie partially below sea level; consequently, Azerbaijan has the lowest areas of all of the Transcaucasian Republics by far. The landscape partially consists of mountainous zones, sometimes hilly and green and sometimes very rugged and rocky. The central part of Azerbaijan consists of plains with hardly any differences in altitude. Azerbaijan has as many as nine types of climate zones. However, when you look at temperatures, precipitation figures and moments of precipitation they do not differ that much. The largest differences are in the extremes that occur here. In the mountains temperatures may drop to -30 degrees Celsius. The lowest temperature on record is -42 degrees Celsius. In the exclave of Nakhchivan the highest temperature on record is 44 degrees Celsius. This was in the city of Julfa. The further you travel east towards the Caspian Sea the more stable the climate gets. Extremes in temperature and precipitation are uncommon here.


Climate information of places and areas in Azerbaijan
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific information about weather and climate can be found on the climate pages per area or town. As for Azerbaijan the following climate information is available:


Mild winters
Azerbaijan has the mildest winters in the entire region. However, when a current comes from Scandinavia via Russia bringing cold air to the Caspian Sea temperatures may drop considerably in Azerbaijan. During the winter (December till March) temperatures are 6-10 degrees on average along the coast and a little below freezing point in the mountains. During the night subzero temperatures in the mountains are not uncommon. Along the coast temperatures are around freezing point because of the influence of the warm Caspian Seawater.

During the winter relatively little precipitation falls in Azerbaijan. Amounts vary from 15-30 millimeters per month. In the interior a reasonable amount of this precipitation falls in the form of snow. During the coldest months (January and February) precipitation falls in the form of rain along the coast. When spring starts precipitation figures rise in the interior. The wettest months are April, May and June with 40->100 millimeters of rain per month. Along the coast precipitation figures are about the same as during the winter; 15-25 millimeters of rain per month. From June there is hardly any rain along the coast and on the Kura-Aras plains. The areas in the north western part of Azerbaijan and the Greater Caucasus have another wet month before precipitation figures start to drop in July. These areas still get much more rain than on the plains and along the coast.

Dry and warm summers
Summers in Azerbaijan are dry, warm and sunny. When you look at the climate the places along the Caspian coast are ideal sun destinations. However, Azerbaijan only plays a minor role as a summer destination in modern tourism. As for the weather: Azerbaijan can compete with countries such as Greece and Spain. During the summer temperatures are between 28-32 degrees Celsius on average. During the hottest periods you may even add a few degrees. These pleasant temperatures in combination with night time temperatures of 20 degrees Celsius along the coast, little precipitation and many hours of sunshine (about 300 per month during the summer) make Azerbaijan’s climate one of the most pleasant in the entire region.


Climate figures
Throughout Azerbaijan several climate zones and temperatures can be found. The data in the table below are an average for the capital of Baku and cannot be seen as an average for the entire country. Please visit the individual pages for climate information on other places and regions in Azerbaijan.

temperature (°C)


temperature (°C)
hours of sunshine

average days with precipitation
per month
per month
temperature (°C)
January 7 1 3 6 9
February 7 1 3 6 8
March 10 4 4 5 8
April 18 9 6 4 11
May 23 14 8 3 15
June 28 19 10 2 20
July 31 22 10 1 24
August 30 21 9 2 25
September 27 18 7 2 23
October 20 12 5 6 20
November 16 8 3 6 16
December 10 3 3 6 12
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm
= 0-0.2 inches ● = 0.2-1.2 inches ● = 1.2-2.4 inches ● = 2.5-4 inches ● = 4.1-8 inches ● = over 8 inches

More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time. How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate information per month. The information below is an average for the capital of Baku. Please visit the individual pages for climate information on other places and regions in Azerbaijan.

chance of
(very) hot


chance of
(very) cool
chance of

chance of
chance of
sunny days


click here for the explanation of the symbols


The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.


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